Cebu Pacific AT72 at Manila on Jul 18th 2010, bounced landing, unsafe gear

Last Update: September 21, 2015 / 09:40:13 GMT/Zulu time

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Incident Facts

Date of incident
Jul 18, 2010

Classification
Accident

Flight number
5J-509

Aircraft Registration
RP-C7254

Aircraft Type
ATR ATR-72-200

ICAO Type Designator
AT72

A Cebu Pacific Airlines Aerospatiale ATR-72-500, registration RP-C7254 performing flight 5J-509 from Tuguegarao to Manila (Philippines) with 72 people on board, was on approach to Manila when the crew did not receive down and locked indications for all gear. The crew aborted the approach and entered a holding to troubleshoot the problem. The airplane landed safely about 45 minutes later.

The airplane was removed from service for repairs.

The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) released their executive summary of the final report concuding the probable cause of the occurrence rated an accident was:

The Aircraft Accident Investigation and Inquiry Board determined that the probable cause of this accident was:

Primary Cause Factor

Failure of the flight crew to discontinue the approach when deteriorating weather and their associated hazards to flight operations had moved into the airport (Human Factor)

Contributory Factor

The adverse weather condition affected the judgment and decision-making of the PIC even prior to the approach to land. With poor weather conditions being encountered, the PIC still continued the approach and landing. (Environmental Factor)

Underlying Factor

As a result of the bounced landing, several cockpit instruments were affected including both transponders on board. One of the nosewheels was detached and all the landing gears could not be retracted. Further, the integrity of the structure may have been affected and chance airframe failure was imminent. With all of these conditions, the Captain still opted to request for a priority landing when emergency landing was needed.

The CAAP reported (editorial note: direct quotation as the text is "stunning" to say at least):

At around 1359H of July 18, 2010, RP-C7254, an ATR 72-500 (ATR 72-212A) type of aircraft with Flight No.5J509 took off Tuguegarao Airport (RPUT) bound for Ninoy Aquino International Airport (RPLL). The First Officer was the Pilot Flying (PF) while the Captain was the Pilot Not Flying (PNF).

Approaching Manila, the flight was under radar vector for VOR/DME approach on runway 24. At 7 miles on finals the approach was stabilized. A sudden tailwind was experienced by the crew at 500 feet RA which resulted to an increase in airspeed and vertical speed. The Captain took over the controls and continued the approach. Suddenly, the visibility went to zero and consequently the aircraft experienced a bounced landing three times, before a goaround was initiated. During climb out the crew noticed cockpit instruments were affected including both transponders and landing gears. They requested for priority landing and they were vectored and cleared to land at runway 13. After landing the aircraft was taxied to F4 where normal deplaning was carried out. No injuries were reported on the crew and passengers.
Incident Facts

Date of incident
Jul 18, 2010

Classification
Accident

Flight number
5J-509

Aircraft Registration
RP-C7254

Aircraft Type
ATR ATR-72-200

ICAO Type Designator
AT72

This article is published under license from Avherald.com. © of text by Avherald.com.
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