Busy Bee D228 at Goma on Nov 24th 2019, impacted populated area past departure runway

Last Update: April 13, 2020 / 11:07:33 GMT/Zulu time

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Incident Facts

Date of incident
Nov 24, 2019


Aircraft Registration

Aircraft Type

ICAO Type Designator

A Busy Bee Congo Dornier 228-200, registration 9S-GNH performing the scheduled flight from Goma to Beni (DR Congo) with 20 passengers and 2 crew, was departing Goma's runway 17 at 09:08L (07:08Z) but failed to climb out, contacted electrical wires at very low height and impacted houses in the densely populated area of Birere just south of the runway. The aircraft burst into flames. All but one occupants perished in the crash, one passenger escaped with minor injuries, six fatalities occurred on the ground.

A search for victims both on the aircraft and on the ground is currently underway, a number of fatalities as well as a number of survivors are being reported.

One version of the load sheet identifies 6 passengers, another version 11 passengers, both papers identify 9S-GNH as the accident aircraft on Nov 24th 2019. The names of the first paper appear on the second paper, too, however in a different order.

The airport reported the aircraft departed with 17 passengers and 2 crew, all occupants have been killed in the crash.

The governor of North Kivu Province stated the "aircraft missed its takeoff".

In the afternoon the governor of North Kivu Province stated, that so far 25 bodies have been recovered.

On Nov 25th 2019 DR Congo's Transport Ministry released the names of 26 fatalities, the 19 occupants of the aircraft as well as 7 people on the ground, and indicated one more person on the ground is in hospital care having received serious injuries. An investigation has been opened into the circumstances of the crash including possible technical causes.

On Nov 25th 2019 ground observers reported the aircraft was at very low height in an unstable attitude rolling left and right, apparently unable to climb out, then entangled with electrical wires and crashed into the houses.

On Nov 27th 2019 the states prosecution office announced, they have opened an investigation into the accident. The fuel truck, that had fueled the aircraft immediately prior to the crash, was seized for further investigation.

On Dec 6th 2019 DR Congo's AIB reported the crash of 9S-GNH from Goma to Beni occurred during lift off phase. DR Congo's AIB is investigating.

In a preliminary report in French dated Jan 10th 2020 DR Congo's Bureau Permanent d’Enquêtes d’Accidents /Incidents d’Aviation (BPEA) reported that following receiving their takeoff clearance the aircraft commenced takeoff from runway 17 in CAVOK weather conditions, the takeoff roll took longer than normal however. As soon as the aircraft became airborne tower noticed a wing roll movement. The aircraft climbed out much shallower than normal. The crew requested to return to runway 35, however, did not mention why they wanted to return. At that moment a "cry of desolation" occurred and "in the blink of an eye" the aircraft descended and crashed into the slab of an unfinished house at position S1.6879 E29.2437. One passenger escapted with minor injuries, 19 passengers and 2 crew died in the crash, five children and their mother died on the ground in the unfinished house. A wooden hut next to the unfinished house was blown away by the prop wash, a group of people inside the hut were traumatized. Local residents engaged in putting out the fires that ensued as result of the crash until fire engines arrived and put the fire under control.

The captain (52, ATPL, 14,124 hours total, 3,048 hours on type) was assisted by a first officer (29, CPL, 2,273 hours total, 1,635 hours on type). The aircraft, built in June 1984, had accumulated 23,991 flight hours in 36,980 flight cycles. The aircraft was certified for 19 passengers and was configured for 18 passenger seats, maximum takeoff mass was 5.760kg with basic empty mass of 3,496 kg. The left hand engine had accumulated 21,458 hours and 22,800 cycles since new and 3,331 hours and 3,560 cycles since last overhaul. The right hand engine had accumulated 18,386 hours and 28,330 cycles since new as well as 0.3 hours and 1 flight cycle since last overhaul. The right hand propeller's manufacturing date as well as time since new was unknown, the propeller had been last overhauled in 2017 and accumulated 975 flights hours since. The aircraft was not equipped with a FDR or CVR contrary to what the accredited representative by Germany's BFU asserted. The aircraft had been operated in Kenya under tail number 5Y-BTU until Busy Bee purchased the aircraft.

If financial conditions permit the investigation is going to perform a thorough examination of the engines, that have been recovered and quarantained. The investigation currently analyses the various data collected at the accident site.

FZNA 241000Z 18008KT 9000 SCT018 FEW020CB BKN300 24/16 Q1021 BECMG TS=
FZNA 240800Z 18008KT 9000 FEW018CB BKN300 25/15 Q1022 NOSIG=
FZNA 240700Z 18008KT 9000 SCT016 FEW020CB 22/17 Q1022 NOSIG=
FZNA 240500Z 05006KT 7000 SCT014 FEW018CB OVC100 17/14 Q1022 NOSIG=
Incident Facts

Date of incident
Nov 24, 2019


Aircraft Registration

Aircraft Type

ICAO Type Designator

This article is published under license from Avherald.com. © of text by Avherald.com.
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