Delta B739 at Atlanta on Nov 29th 2017, lined up with taxiway for landing

Last Update: August 3, 2022 / 17:09:47 GMT/Zulu time

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Incident Facts

Date of incident
Nov 29, 2017

Classification
Incident

Flight number
DL-2196

Aircraft Registration
N852DN

Aircraft Type
Boeing 737-900

ICAO Type Designator
B739

Airport ICAO Code
KATL

A Delta Airlines Boeing 737-900, registration N852DN performing flight DL-2196 from Indianapolis,IN to Atlanta,GA (USA), was on final approach to runway 09R cleared to land on runway 09R, when tower instructed the aircraft to go around from low height, the crew initiated a go around. Tower subsequently explained it appeared they were over the taxiway. The aircraft positioned for another approach to Atlanta and landed safely on runway 10 about 15 minutes later.

The NTSB reported the aircraft was aligned with the runway center line initially, however, during short final about 1nm before the runway threshold began to veer left and lined up for the taxiway N parallel to the runway. The taxiway was occupied. The aircraft went around from about 100 feet AGL already past the begin of the taxiway. The NTSB reported cloud tops were at 300 feet AGL. Both crew members reported that they were right of the runway center line on an ILS approach, the localizer showed a full deflection indicating they were right of the runway. The captain reported he called the go around at decision height (200 feet AGL) because he couldn't see the runway or airport environment, the first officer also reported they called for and initiated the go around before the air traffic controller instructed the go around. The flight data recorder was read out, first results suggest that the autopilot was disconnected at 1200 feet AGL at a heading of 100 degrees, the autothrottle was disengaged at 500 feet AGL. At about 400 feet the heading changed briefly to 81 degrees, then the aircraft turned to 87 degrees, during that time the aircraft descended from 400 to 100 feet AGL, at 100 feet the pitch changed from 2 degrees to 8 degrees, the aircraft turned right to about 105 degrees. The minimum altitude was recorded at 60 feet AGL.

The airline reported they are cooperating with the investigation. The aircraft was initially right of the center line, the crew corrected but obviously overcorrected. The first officer was pilot flying and the captain pilot monitoring.

On May 10th 2022 the NTSB released their final report concluding the probable causes of the incident were:

The flight crewmembers’ failure to properly monitor the airplane’s flightpath, which caused the approach to become unstabilized and resulted in the airplane’s descent below the decision altitude while misaligned with the localizer course. Contributing to the incident were the first officer’s delay in setting go-around thrust after the captain called for the go-around and the captain’s failure to take control of the airplane after go-around thrust was not immediately set, both of which caused the airplane to come within about 50 ft vertically of an occupied taxiway.

The NTSB analysed:

The flight crew was conducting an instrument landing system approach to runway 9R. When the airplane was about 3.5 miles from the runway threshold and at an altitude of about 1,230 ft above ground level (agl), the first officer (the pilot flying) disconnected the autopilot, after which the airplane began to deviate to the right of the localizer course. When the airplane was at an altitude of about 500 ft agl, the first officer disconnected the autothrottle; at 300 ft agl, he began correcting to the left to return to the center of the localizer course. When the airplane reached the decision altitude (200 ft agl), the airplane was drifting toward the taxiway N extended centerline, which was parallel to, and about 650 ft to the left of, the runway 9R centerline.

Radar data indicated that the airplane was 1 mile from the runway 9R threshold at the time that the airplane aligned with taxiway N. When the airplane was at an altitude of 120 ft agl and was 600 ft to the left of the runway 9R centerline and 50 ft to the right of the taxiway N centerline, the first officer initiated a go-around after the captain’s (the monitoring pilot) command. The airplane descended to about 50 ft above the western end of the taxiway before it began to climb. Engine power increased while the airplane was above and aligned with taxiway N. The airplane was then vectored for an instrument landing system approach for runway 10. The flight crew subsequently landed the airplane uneventfully.

Another airplane (a Boeing MD-88) was taxiing westbound on taxiway N at the time of the incident approach. According to radar data, the airplanes, at their closest distances, were separated by 286 ft horizontally and 257 ft vertically.

The approach became unstabilized when the first officer improperly adjusted the airplane’s heading and flew outside of the localizer course. The airline’s procedures indicated that an approach would be considered to be stabilized if it maintained, among other things, a “lateral flight path while in the landing configuration.” The manual warned that, if a stabilized approach could not be established and maintained, pilots were to initiate a go-around and not attempt to land from an unstable approach. Also, the airline’s procedures indicated that an approach should not continue below the decision altitude (200 ft agl in this case) unless “the aircraft is in a position from which a normal approach to the runway of intended landing can be made.” Thus, the flight crew’s actions were not consistent with company procedures.

Further, when the airplane reached the decision altitude for the approach, the flight crew failed to call for a go-around and execute, in a timely manner, the initial steps for a go-around. Specifically, flight data recorder data showed that the takeoff/go-around switch was not selected until 4 seconds after the airplane reached the decision altitude and that a total of 12 seconds elapsed between the time that the airplane reached the decision altitude and the thrust lever began advancing toward go-around power. These delays caused the airplane to descend about 150 ft below decision altitude and come within about 50 ft of an occupied taxiway.

The 1052 hourly weather observation for the destination airport indicated, among other conditions, 1/8 mile visibility, mist, patches of fog, and an overcast ceiling at 300 ft agl. The flight crewmembers received this observation about 1057 (9 minutes before the incident). Thus, the crewmembers were provided with sufficient information to understand the weather conditions that the flight would encounter during the approach to the airport.

The captain and the first officer reported no history of sleep disorders, and a review of their sleep histories revealed that they received adequate rest during the 3 days preceding the incident. Further, sleep opportunities for the captain and first officer were aligned with local nighttime, so circadian disruptions were not an issue. Thus, the captain and the first officer were not likely experiencing fatigue during the incident flight.



Metars:
KATL 291752Z 30004KT 2SM BR OVC007 16/14 A3028 RMK AO2 SFC VIS 3 SLP256 T01610144 10161 20117 58013=
KATL 291738Z 27005KT 2SM BR BCFG OVC005 15/14 A3029 RMK AO2 SFC VIS 3 T01500144=
KATL 291709Z 00000KT 1SM R09R/P6000FT BR BCFG OVC005 14/14 A3030 RMK AO2 SFC VIS 3 T01390139=
KATL 291652Z 22003KT 1/8SM R09R/5500VP6000FT BR BCFG OVC003 14/14 A3031 RMK AO2 SFC VIS 3 SLP265 VIS LWR NE-SE BCFG TWRINC T01390139=
KATL 291552Z 18005KT 1/8SM R09R/2800V4000FT BR BCFG OVC003 13/13 A3032 RMK AO2 SFC VIS 3 SLP266 TWRINC T01330133=
KATL 291502Z 00000KT 1/2SM R09R/2000VP6000FT FG VV003 13/13 A3033 RMK AO2 T01330133=
KATL 291452Z 00000KT 1/2SM R09R/1800V2200FT FG VV003 13/13 A3033 RMK AO2 SLP270 T01280128 52007=
KATL 291356Z 10004KT 1/4SM R09R/1400V1800FT FG VV002 12/12 A3032 RMK AO2 TWR VIS 1/2 T01220122=
KATL 291352Z 11004KT 1/4SM R09R/1400V2800FT FG VV002 12/12 A3031 RMK AO2 TWR VIS 1/2 SLP266 T01220122=
Aircraft Registration Data
Registration mark
N852DN
Country of Registration
United States
Date of Registration
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Manufacturer
BOEING
Aircraft Model / Type
737-932ER
Number of Seats
ICAO Aircraft Type
B739
Year of Manufacture
Serial Number
Aircraft Address / Mode S Code (HEX)
Engine Count
Engine Manufacturer
Engine Model
Engine Type
Pounds of Thrust
Main Owner
PAqqnAifnklbgAml d ic md igficddmgmhkhmeq h gq fgpm lkcbnfhcqh kfcplilj lAbAeh pqppjnjpjfpmpfmlmhbiigj idi pqkjj Subscribe to unlock
Incident Facts

Date of incident
Nov 29, 2017

Classification
Incident

Flight number
DL-2196

Aircraft Registration
N852DN

Aircraft Type
Boeing 737-900

ICAO Type Designator
B739

Airport ICAO Code
KATL

This article is published under license from Avherald.com. © of text by Avherald.com.
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